Origins of Religiousness: The Role of Natural Disasters – University of Copenhagen

Origins of Religiousness: The Role of Natural Disasters

Religious Coping after Natural Disasters


Across 800 regions of the World, this research shows that people are more religious when living in regions that are more frequently razed by natural disasters.

This is in line with psychological theory stressing that religious people tend to cope with adverse life events by seeking comfort in their religion or searching for a reason for the event; for instance that the event was an act of God. This is termed religious coping.

Natural disasters are a source for adverse life events, and thus one way to interpret this research's findings is by way of religious coping. The results are robust to various measures of religiousness, and to inclusion of country fixed effects, income, education, demographics, religious denominations, and other climatic and geographic features. The results hold within Christianity, Islam and Buddhism, and across continents.

To eliminate bias from omitted variables and selection (perhaps religious people are less likely to move out of disaster areas as they see the disaster as an act of God), Jeanet Sinding Bentzen further shows that second generation immigrants whose mothers descend from natural disaster areas, are more religious than their counterparts with ancestors from calmer areas.


Jeanet Sinding Bentzen, University of Copenhagen

Jeanet Sinding Bentzen is Ass. Prof. of Economics at the University of Copenhagen.
Her main research interest is long term determinants of development, which has led her to the study of cultural and geographic differences, among this lies the study of the impact of natural disasters.